In California, lenders who intend to foreclose on a property when the loan is delinquent typically use the nonjudicial foreclosure process also known as a trustee’s sale. This process is less expensive for the lender than the judicial foreclosure process. A nonjudicial foreclosure doesn’t require a court proceeding and, thus, is a more expeditious process.
The minimum time for a trustee’s sale foreclosure (nonjudicial foreclosure) is 110 days after the NOD is recorded for most loans (plus 30 days for loans made between Jan. 1, 2003 and Dec. 31, 2007 on owner-occupied residential one-to-four unit properties).
On DAY 1, the NOD must be filed in the county where the property is located. The language of the NOD can be found in Cal. Civ. Code § 2924c(b)(1).
Within 10 days after recordation of the NOD, a copy of the NOD must be mailed by registered or certified mail to the borrower/trustor and to any parties with a recorded Request for Notice as indicated in Cal. Civ. Code § 2924(b)(1). (Cal. Civ. Code § 2924b(b).) Within 30 days after recordation of the NOD: the lender must mail a statutory notice to the borrower as described in Cal. Civ. Code 2924f(c)(3).
Between DAY 86-91, the notice of trustee sale can be recorded. The Notice of Trustee’s Sale must set forth the date, time, and place of the Sale. It must also include the total amount of the unpaid balance and reasonably estimated costs, expenses, and advances at the time of the initial publication of the Notice. It must be recorded, posted, published, and also mailed by registered or certified mail as well as first class mail to the borrower (Cal. Civ. Code § 2924f). 25 days prior to Trustee’s Sale: Notice of Sale sent to IRS in case there is an IRS lien recorded more than 30 days before the date of the Sale (Cal. Civ. Code § 2924b(c)(4); 26 U.S.C. 7425(b)). 20 days prior to Trustee’s Sale: Notice of Trustee’s Sale must be recorded at least 20 days prior to Sale (Cal. Civ. Code § 2924f(b)). 20 days prior to Trustee’s Sale: Notice of Sale publication begins (must run once a week for 3 consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation) (Cal. Civ. Code § 2924f(b)).20 days prior to Trustee’s Sale: Notice of Sale must be mailed by registered or certified mail to everyone who is entitled to receive a NOD. In addition, the Notice of Sale must also be mailed by 1 st class mail to the borrower (Cal. Civ. Code §
On DAY 105, up to 5 business days before the Trustee’s Sale, the borrower may reinstate the loan (bring the loan current) by paying the missed payments plus allowable costs. Note: If the Sale is postponed the date that the borrower may reinstate is postponed accordingly. (Cal. Civ. Code § 2924c(e).)
On DAY 111, the trustee's foreclosure sale can take place. After the last day to cure the default, the borrower still has the right to redeem the property but he/she must pay the entire debt, plus interest and costs before the bidding begins at the Sale (Cal. Civ. Code §§ 2903, 2905). At the Trustee’s Sale, the property is sold through a public auction to the highest bidder. Title is transferred to the successful bidder by Trustee’s Deed.